The father and the orisha of the land is Orisha Oko. He is the orisha that holds the secrets to farming and maintaining the harvest and crops fertile and alive. It is him that maintains the stability of life through his plantation of the fields. He tends to his crops on a daily basis making sure that the harvest and the land is up to par. Ogun made a contraption for him that he got the aide of 2 ox’s that help him distribute the seeds so the crops can grow.
Orisha Oko is also the judge of the orisha. He dislikes arguments and is the first one to jump to any female’s defense when an argument is present. As the orisha of the crops and fertility, he is also petitioned when one is fertile and cannot multiply. Whether it be a man or a woman, he is said to assist in those matters. He is the great fertilizer of the land. He lives in a terra cotta dish with the man being pulled by 2 oxes. He has a teja (usually the corner terra cotta tile of a roof) that is painted in red and white with 2 coconuts. He also takes a staff that measures from the knee down. The 2 coconuts represent the scrotum of a male. It is said that Orisha Oko’s scrotum hanged down to the floor The teja is used as the male shaft, in which when performing his rituals, the animals ashe run down the teja fertilizing the earth.
Orisha Oko is also prayed to bring prosperity and good fortune and health to the one that is making the offering. It is said that us who takes from the earth, must give back to the earth. So offerings to the earth is done on a regular basis.
Orisha Oko is the friend to Chango in which the thunder god gave him as a gift the color red and a thunderstone. Orisha Oko’s colors are pink and sky blue. His feast day is either March 22 or May 15. He is known to be similar as Saint Isidro. His number is 7 and due to the curse from Ibu Agana, his children are initiated through Yemaya. In which we call Yemaya oro Orisha Oko, His offerings are everything that comes from the grounds. All crops that come from the ground is given to him His sacrifice is male goats, roosters, and pigeons. He is a strong and affectionate father. His protects everyone who is hard workers and especially harvest workers. Orisha Oko lives outside in the backyard of the priest’s house. It is there where one would plant vegetables and crops for him. With these same crops, one can do ebbo and give back to the earth. When Orisha Oko eats, a whole is dug in the earth and all of the foods from the awan (ceremonial cleansing) is placed inside of the hole.